Slavery (Romanian: robie) existed on the territory of present-day Romania from before the ), Vasile Alecsandri also wrote a short story, Istoria unui Galbân (“History of a gold coin”, ), while Gheorghe . 99; ^ Mihail Kogălniceanu, wikisource:ro:Dezrobirea țiganilor, ștergerea privilegiilor boierești, emanciparea. Originea si istoria tiganilor: Cum au ajuns in Europa. Mihai Mircea, “Cu privire la originea si istoria tiganilor,” Revista de cercetari sociale, nr. 4/ I. Muraru, “Studii constitutionale,” Ed. Actam (Bucuresti, ).

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At the beginning of the s, the authorities observed the drawback of its demographic policy in the case of the Gypsies. We ttiganilor be tigainlor to provide it with information about OpenEdition and its subscription offers.

The majority of them are engaged in activities that, as a result of their casual nature, are only sufficient to ensure their subsistence.

Especially in towns, tihanilor Gypsies lost their ethnic identity. Gypsies were employed particularly as day or seasonal workers. Traditionally, Roma slaves were divided into three categories. The State provided them with accommodation without applying any discriminatory measures in this respect.

Lstoria European University Press Briefly: The old occupational distinction between the Gypsies and the tlganilor of the population disappeared, but a paucity or absence of professional training were characteristic of a large part of the Gypsy population, with all the consequences that follow from this poverty, unemployment etc. Social integration and ethnic integration went hand in hand. Historian Nicolae Iorga associated the Roma people’s arrival with the Mongol invasion of Europe and considered their slavery as a vestige of that era, the Romanians taking the Roma from the Mongols as slaves and preserving their status.

The adoption of Romanian or Hungarian as native language—in places where the loss of Romanes had not taken place much earlier—took place almost of its own accord. This overturning of the social hierarchy was for the new regime a simple and certain means of securing loyal followers.

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Furthermore, when at the end of the s and the beginning of the s the authorities did decide to find a solution to the problematic social situation of the Gypsies and to a certain extent took action in this direction, the policy was not made public. Its conclusions were passed on to decision-makers, who nonetheless underestimated the work carried out.


During the Wallachian Revolution ofthe agenda of the short-lived Provisional Government included the emancipation dezrobire of the Roma as one of the main social demands.

Deportarea romilor în Transnistria – Wikipedia

The policy of the antonescu regime with regard to the gypsies. The Roma slaves were not included in the tax censuses and as such, there are no reliable statistics about them, the exception being the slaves owned by the state. The Gypsies were treated as a social minority that was to be integrated in some form or another into the new economic and tivanilor organisation of the country.

The General Union of Roma in Romania resumed its activity under the leadership of Gheorghe Niculescu, without, however, producing any publications.

Chapter VI. The gypsies during the communist regime. a few points of reference

It was only when the Phanariote regime was changed, soon afterthat Romanian society began to modernise itself and various reforms were implemented see Regulamentul Organic. For a long time in Romania, there was no special policy directed at the Gypsies.

It is understood that the respective laws did not only affect the Gypsies. Feel free to give our address: In the first place, these Gypsies were those who did not adapt to the new conditions.

Slavery in Romania

The regulations attempted to sedenterize the Romas and train them till the land, encouraging them to settle on private estates. For the Gypsies, this measure represented what the collectivisation of agriculture and the nationalisation of industry isoria done to the rest of the population in the early years of Communism.

In the case of the Gypsies, the systematisation of the towns certainly had positive consequences with regard their living conditions. In The Roma in Romanian History. This system of allowances enabled many Gypsies to make a living without being forced to gain employment.


Two tignailor were created in Southern BessarabiaCair and Faraonovca now both in Ukraine by settling Roma families. We do not believe that it is incorrect to state that the failure of integration policies depends also on the particular characteristics of this population. If a slave owned property, one would have to pay tiganior same taxes as the free men.

Many of these families had returned to their old way of life, moving back to tents and huts.

Central European University Press. More affluent Gypsies either purchased or built houses there so that to a certain extent the old topographical marginalisation of the Gypsy population disappeared. Only since the beginning of the 16th century, monasteries began opening in the cities and they brought with them the Roma slaves and soon boyars and even townfolks began to use them for various istorka. Similarly, in villages of rudari that had not completely given up their old occupation, the manufacture of wooden objects played a wholly minor role in the household economy.

Like many of the serfs in the two principalities, slaves were prone to escape from the estates and seek a better life on other domains or abroad, which made boyars organize search parties and make efforts to have them return. The deed was also confirmed in by Prince Michael I Apafi.

Professional reorientation, finding employment and other issues were treated as individual problems, which did not depend on the specificity of one ethnic group or another, and still less on the specificity of one or another group of Gypsies. Gypsies living in large towns were the main protagonists on the black market that became a large-scale phenomenon in the final years of the Communist regime.

Even if these people are sometimes identified by others as being Gypsies or former Gypsies, they consider themselves to be Romanians, or in localities with a Hungarian population, Hungarians.