Frenkel exercises are a set of exercises developed by Professor Heinrich Sebastian Frenkel to treat ataxia, in particular cerebellar ataxia. They are a system of.

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The exercises were developed by Heinrich Frenkela Swiss neurologist who, one day inwhile examining a patient with ataxia, observed the patient’s poor performance of the finger-to-nose test.

He or she motivates and guides the patient in how to watch himself move. Frenkel exercises are a set of exercises developed by Professor Heinrich Sebastian Frenkel [1] to treat ataxiain particular cerebellar ataxia.

They increase in difficulty over the time of the program. Although the technique is simple, needs virtually no exercise equipment, and can be done on one’s own, concentration and some degree of perseverance is required. The brain as a whole learns to compensate for motor deficits in the cerebellum or the spinal cord where applicable. Frenkel’s book states that the best way to perform the exercises is to do them for three minutes using some kind of timer so the exercises become less of a chore.

Or at least others? Mosby’s Medical Dictionary 8th ed.

The patient can treat himself and obviously in the absence of a medical practitioner must do so. The repetitions will take just a few minutes every hour. Frenkel states that is very important that the therapist also gives the patient pep talks and motivation. If the ataxia affects say, head movements, the patient can use a mirror or combination of mirrors to watch their own head movements.


When Frenkel asked the patient what had happened in the interval, ejercocios patient replied, ‘I wanted to pass the test and so I practiced. The therapist may also help the patient move where muscular strength is low. This attitude is almost always incorrect and in recent years has begun to change with the recognition of brain plasticity.

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EJERCICIOS DE FRENKEL by Santiago Lopez on Prezi

However, it is better that a physiotherapist is involved. Research has shown that 20, to 30, repetitions may be required to produce results. Frenkel noted that the patient had to be free from opiate and alcohol use, for instance, in order to achieve the required focus of attention.

Several months later, on re-examination, the patient showed extraordinary improvement in coordination. They are a system of slow repetitious exercises. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. The Frenkel and Other Exercises”. This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies ejerrcicios guidelines. Apathy, lack of motivation and clinical ftenkel are very common in cases of cerebellar ataxia and are one of the main reasons for failure of therapy.


Frenkel exercises

The American Journal of Nursing. This page was last edited on 11 Octoberat He had never seen such an improvement before, which was contradictory to the teaching of the day and in fact is sadly widespread today.

It is thought that the fifteen-minute break enables the new neural connections to be created. Then the patient should do something entirely different and unrelated for fifteen minutes, say read a book or have a chat. The patient asked Dr Frenkel about the test and was told what it meant and that he did not ‘pass’ the test.


Retrieved from ” https: Frenkel was astonished by the improvement. Views Read Edit View history. At that point the patient goes back to the exercises for another three minutes when it will be found that the skill dd improved to a step higher from when the exercises were last done fifteen minutes earlier.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Julian—Gregorian uncertainty Wikipedia external links cleanup from April Wikipedia spam cleanup from April In his book on ataxia, Frenkel states: